Monthly Archives: February 2019

Australia lashes neglect over oil spill ‘disaster’ near Solomon Islands

The MV Solomon Trader aground at Rennell Island. CREDIT: AUSTRALIAN HIGH COMMISSION / SOLOMON ISLANDS.

David Wroe | Sydney Morning Herald | February 27, 2019

Australia is helping to pressure a Hong Kong shipping company and several other firms to take responsibility for cleaning up a major oil spill close to a World Heritage-listed coral reef off the Solomon Islands.

The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age understands there is deep frustration within the Australian government over the refusal by the Hong Kong firm, its South Korean insurer and a Solomons mining firm to stem the flow of oil out of the large cargo ship, which ran aground more than three weeks ago.

About 75 tonnes of fuel oil are understood to have leaked out of the stricken vessel already, creating a large slick that is creeping towards the UNESCO-listed southern stretch of Rennell Island, the world’s largest raised coral atoll.

Yet the companies responsible for the mess are showing scant signs of stopping the leak, much less cleaning up what is fast becoming an environmental disaster, an informed source said.

“More than three weeks on from February 5, there’s been little evidence of any action of the companies involved to avert a disaster,” the source said.

“Those companies involved have had very little professional engagement with the Solomon government.”

A desperate Solomon Islands government asked Australia for help.

The MV Solomon Trader aground at Rennell Island in the Solomon Islands which has become an environmental disaster. CREDIT: AUSTRALIAN HIGH COMMISSION, SOLOMON ISLANDS

Pressure is now being put on the companies to “hold those responsible companies and their owners and insurers to account to meet both their commercial and their moral obligations”.

Australia has lately been on a push to consolidate its diplomatic relationships in its near Pacific neighbourhood amid concerns of growing Chinese influence and the worrying strategic implications that carries.

The Australian Maritime Safety Authority flew surveillance flights over the area that showed heavy fuel oil leakage into the water. That has begun to spread over the sea and shoreline.

The ship is believed to have about 600 tonnes of fuel still in its tanks.

The MV Solomon Trader, a 225-metre bulk carrier, was loading bauxite, the main rock used to make aluminium, off Rennell Island when Cyclone Oma drove it onto a reef on February 5.

The ship is owned by South Express Ltd, a Hong Kong-based shipping and charter firm. The vessel is Hong Kong-flagged.

It has been contracted to Bintan Mining, which is a Solomons-based firm registered in the British Virgin Islands. The ownership is murky, however. It is reportedly a subsidiary of Asia Pacific Investment Development Ltd.

The Solomon Star and Island Sun newspapers have both reported in the past on allegations of questionable relationships between the former government in the Solomon Islands and APID.

The insurer is South Korean firm Korea P&I. An Australian law firm, Thynne Macartney, is understood to be acting for Korea P&I but a woman answering the phone at the firm’s Brisbane offices declined to comment.

Australia is providing the Solomons government with technical expertise. An AMSA technical adviser was posted to Honiara, the Solomons capital. The Australian government has also readied equipment in the Solomons to stop the spill and clean it up if the companies don’t act.

It is understood the companies responsible have generally not even been responding to Honiara’s requests for help.

Korea P&I appears to have deployed a salvage crew but they haven’t formally told the Solomons government the extent of anything they are doing.

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Filed under Environmental impact, Solomon Islands

And they call it Development!

More GOLD Less HARMONY via Facebook

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Environmental disaster looms at heritage-listed Solomon Islands site after oil spill

PHOTO: The MV Solomon Trader ran aground on a reef at Lavangu Bay in East Rennell while trying to load bauxite on the island. (ABC: The Australian High Commission)

Key points:

  • An estimated 60 tonnes of oil has spilled into a UNESCO heritage-listed site
  • Bad weather from Cyclone Oma delayed efforts to assess the impact of the spill
  • Mining company Bintan said specialists from Australia and the US would salvage the bulk carrier

Evan Wasuka | ABC News

Australia’s High Commission in the Solomon Islands has slammed the operators of a bauxite mine over an oil spill that could affect a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Bulk carrier MV Solomon Trader ran aground on a reef on the remote island of Rennell in the south of the Solomon Islands in early February while attemtping to load bauxite from a nearby mine.

“Australia is extremely concerned at the scale of this disaster,” High Commissioner Rod Brazier said.

“The impact of this oil spill will have a devastating effect on the surrounding environment, including potentially on a protected UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as the livelihood of the people of Rennell.”

The spill is not contained, and bad weather from Cyclone Oma in early February prevented earlier attempts to assess the vessel and the damage to the environment.

An assessment by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority has estimated that 60 tonnes of oil has been spilled with a further 600 tonnes onboard the ship.

“We are very concerned about the circumstances that have led to this disaster. Our friends in the Pacific, including the Solomon Islands Government, do not tolerate reckless behaviour by companies.”

A member of the local community, Derek Pongi, said there was concern about damage to fishing grounds.

“It’s impossible to fish or swim in the sea,” he said.

“The people rely on the sea but now it’s all contaminated and polluted. Things are not looking good for my people.”

PHOTO: The MV Solomon Trader ran aground on a reef at Lavangu Bay in East Rennell. (ABC: Australian High Commission)

National Disaster Management Office director Loti Yates said the Government was holding the charterers, the ship’s owners and their insurers, to account.

“The Government is very clear in the directive to the company to have the salvage done, remove the oil, cleaning up the environment and removing the wreck from Solomon Islands,” Mr Yates said.

Indonesian mining company Bintan said specialists had been brought in from Australia and the US to salvage the bulk carrier.

“As a charterer only, we have done what we could to coordinate and assist the shipowner and their engaged professional salvage since the beginning of the accident. We will keep doing so,” Bintan chief executive Fred Tang told the ABC.

Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade also released a statement suggesting travellers reconsider venturing to Rennell.

“Think seriously about whether you need to travel here due to the high level of risk,” the message read.

“If you do travel, do your research and take a range of extra safety precautions, including having contingency plans. Check that your travel insurer will cover you.”

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Filed under Environmental impact, Solomon Islands

Nautilus trying to sell Solwara 1

Seabed mining project in PNG moves to sell assets

Radio New Zealand | February 26, 2019

A troubled deep sea mining project in Papua New Guinea is selling its assets while it fends off creditors.

Nautilus Minerals was to mine the sea floor between New Ireland and New Britain but has run into financial trouble and local landowner opposition.

Last week, the company obtained a court order from the Supreme Court of British Columbia protecting it from its creditors.

Nautilus said the protection will enable it to “restructure its business and financial affairs”.

One of its lenders, Deep Sea Mining Finance, has agreed to loan it a further $US4 million. To date, Nautilus has been loaned $US18 million by the financier.

But the company is also being advertised for sale, including its Solwara 1 project in PNG. PwC are acting as solicitors.

If sold, investors would also have access to its mining licenses elsewhere in PNG and in Tonga.

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Environmental group blames Solomon govt’s negligence for mining shipwreck

The MV Solomon Trader Photo: Supplied

Radio New Zealand | February 25, 2019

The Nature Conservancy Solomon Islands, is blaming government negligence for a shipwreck that authorities are calling the worst man-made environmental disaster in the country’s history.

Three weeks ago, the bulk carrier, MV Solomon Trader ran aground on a reef at Lavangu Bay in East Rennell, while trying to load bauxite from a foreign owned mine on the island.

Bad weather from Cyclone Oma over the past fortnight has complicated salvage operations and the vessel is now reportedly leaking oil into the ocean.

The conservancy’s project manager Willie Atu said this would never have happened if the government had followed important regulatory processes, such as conducting a proper Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), before granting the mine its licence.

“Before a company can be issued a development consent it has to go through EIA so it means like this, every possible thing that you envisage or think that will happen you put it in that paper. That process it gives the public the opportunity to ask questions,” said Willie Atu.

“If all this does not happen…the consequences will be with us and it will not only be for one or two days but it will stay here for some time.”

Mr Atu also questioned why the mining company saw it fit to try and load bauxite during the cyclone season in Solomon Islands.

Local communities on Rennell have been calling on the government and the company to quickly get the ship off their reef before it causes more damage to the environment.

The Solomon Islands Permanent Secretary and Director of Mines were approached for this story but declined to comment.

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All Panguna Mine Landowners United In Opposing BMA

Post Courier | February 25, 2019

The customary landowners from all mine affected areas in and around Panguna – not just the pit area – are 100% united in opposing the controversial draft Bills to change the Bougainville Mining Act (BMA).

The draft Bills would see their rights been stripped, leaving them to try and negotiate with their own Government many years down the track, after they have given up all their rights and ownership of minerals.

Special Mining Lease Osikaiyang Landowners Association Inc chairman Philip Miriori said: “All we are vaguely promised is some form of compensation once mining activity commences.

“Who would do that, give up everything with no deal to look after our people.

“Can you imagine, at that point it will be like us negotiating with Bougainville Copper Limited (BCL) again. They will have all the power and we will have none.” He added that this is why they are all united against these changes to the BMA and the architect of this fraudulent attempt to steal from us.

A formal Petition has been signed by all nine landowner associations representing all the land that was impacted in the original Rio Tinto – BCL – Panguna Mine, which operated from 1972-1989.

The mine halted production when Rio Tinto and its subsidiary BCL lost the support of the Panguna landowners and the community.

“We all know what that led to. The Autonomous Bougainville Government is contemplating transferring the control of the Panguna Mine to an unknown Australian entrepreneur who claims he will raise $6 billion for Panguna, when he has never built or run a mine ever before,” Mr Miriori said.

The petition draws the attention of the ABG to no fewer than nine what landowners alleged to be materially false claims of the proposal.

Mr Miriori said the most fatal being the claim of a “permanent 60%” interest for the ABG. “It is ludicrous and simply impossible…he wants us to believe investors will put in 100% of the capital.

They say US$6 billion for 40% of the profits, this is impossible, he added.

SMLOLA special adviser Lawrence Daveona said Rio Tinto had to walk away from Panguna because they lost the support of the community.

“This petition confirms every single member of the Panguna Landowner Association opposes the proposal,” Mr Daveona said.

The signed resolution calls for the immediate withdrawal of the Bill to change the BMA and to try and stop further damage being done to their reputation internationally, Mr Daveona added.

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Filed under Bougainville, Financial returns, Human rights, Papua New Guinea

Over 600 tonnes of fuel onboard mining shipwreck leaking oil into Solomons’ ocean

The MV Solomon Trader stuck on a reef off of Rennell Island in the Solomon Islands is leaking oil into the ocean. February 2019. Photo: Australian High Commission in Solomon Islands – DFAT

“Australia is exploring all options to assist the Solomon Islands Government to hold the responsible company, owners and insurers to account for this maritime incident”

Radio New Zealand | February 26, 2019

The Australian Maritime Safety Authority says more than 600 tonnes of fuel remains on board a ship that is leaking oil into the ocean in Solomon Islands.

Three weeks ago the bulk carrier MV Solomon Trader ran aground on a reef at Lavangu Bay in East Rennell, while trying to load bauxite from a foreign owned mine on the island.

Oil spill from the reef wrecked MV Solomon Trader is spreading up and down the coast of East Rennell. Photo: Australian High Commission in Solomon Islands – DFAT

A team from the Australian authority, which is assisting the Solomon Islands, conducted an aerial survey over the weekend and confirmed oil has been spilling from the ship and has begun to spread to the surrounding sea and shoreline, contaminating the ecologically delicate area.

It estimates up to 60 tonnes of fresh heavy fuel oil has been spilled so far with more than 600 tonnes still onboard the stricken vessel, which could continue to leak.

The Australian High Commissioner to Solomon Islands Rod Brazier said they are extremely concerned at the scale of the disaster and the devastating impact it will have on the surrounding environment.

“As a close partner of Solomon Islands, Australia is exploring all options to assist the Solomon Islands Government to hold the responsible company, owners and insurers to account for this maritime incident,” Rod Brazier said.

“We are very concerned about the circumstances that have led to this disaster. Our friends in the Pacific, including the Solomon Islands Government, do not tolerate reckless behaviour by companies.”

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Porgera children ‘a generation without education’

Carmella Gware | Loop PNG | February 23, 2019

While the Porgera Gold Mine has been in operation since 1990, locals claim they are yet to experience tangible benefits.

The Justice Foundation for Porgera is campaigning against the renewal of the mine’s licence, claiming obvious breaches in agreement by Porgera Joint Venture.

The Justice Foundation for Porgera labeled local children “a generation without education”.

The Foundation said over the years, the mine had done catastrophic damages to the people and the environment, but the company and the government had failed to address those issues.

It was claimed that while there are over 4,000 children in the Special Mining Lease area, none of them go to school.

The Foundation blames Porgera Joint Venture for destroying the only school in the area – the Apalaka Community School – with mine tailings.

“The Porgera landowners gave up their land in exchange for benefits, such as education,” said the Foundation.

“The Porgera Gold Mine has two massive waste dumps: Anawe and Anjoleke. The Anjoleke waste dump acted like a slow-moving rock avalanche. In 2007 it swallowed up the only school in the SML area – the Apalaka Community School.”

Locals say PJV promised to rebuild it 10 years ago, and they are still waiting.

In response, PJV says it is now in the process of identifying an ideal location for the re-establishment of the Apalaka Community School in Enga Province.

“Continuous community issues together with the increasing lawlessness in the area had prevented PJV from re- establishing the school more than two years ago,” PJV responded to Loop PNG.

“The school, initially at Apalaka village within the Special Mine Lease area, was relocated to Yarik village due to unstable ground movements at its initial location.

“Then at Yarik, also within the SML, continuous rain in the area caused a sinkhole at PJV’s underground portal, following which the remedial works had further prevented the normal operation of the relocated school.

“PJV understands that since then students have been attending schools at the nearby Mungulep and Porgera station, as well as to other areas.

“There have been 18 schools in Porgera that PJV has had some engagement through community development projects over the years. Of these, there are at least 14 government-run schools ranging from the elementary level to the secondary school.

“PJV understands that there are more than 18 schools in Porgera valley.

“Over the years, PJV has spent over K51 million on school infrastructure and resources through the Government-owned Tax Credit Scheme (TCS) in Enga Province. Of this, over K13 million has been for schools within the Porgera and Paiela areas.”

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Nautilus Minerals files for bankruptcy protection

Deep sea mining firm seeks creditor protection

Peter Kennedy | Resource World | February 22, 2019

Nautilus Minerals Inc.  a company that was hoping to become the world’s first deep sea mining firm, has sought protection against bankruptcy.

Nautilus said Friday February 22 that it has obtained an order from the British Columbia Supreme Court that provides the company with protection from its creditors under the Companies Creditors Arrangement Act. (CCAA). The move is to enable Nautilus to restructure its business and financial affairs.

Nautilus has said it is the first company to explore the ocean floor for polymetallic seafloor massive sulphide deposits. To achieve its production goals, Nautilus planned to use existing technologies adapted from the offshore oil and gas industry, dredging and mining industries to facilitate the extraction of high-grade seafloor massive sulphide systems, containing copper and gold, on a commercial scale

In January, 2011, the company was granted the first mining lease for such deposits at a prospect known as Solwara 1, in the territorial waters of Papua New Guinea, where it was aiming to produce copper, gold and silver.

The Solwara Seabed Massive Sulphide deposit sits on the seabed at a depth of 1,600 metres and contains a copper grade of 7% as well as gold grades of over 20 grams per tonne. The company hoped to grow its holdings in the exclusive economic zones and territorial waters of Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Tonga and the Solomon Islands, and others.

In April, 2017, the company issued a press release stating that its Seafloor Production Tools had arrived in Papua New Guinea, and would shortly commence submerged trials. It said the submerged trials would occur in an existing facility on Motukea Island, near Port Moresby in PNG.

Aside from its ocean mining aspirations, Nautilus is also known for its powerful shareholders. Major shareholders include Russian iron ore giant, Metallionvest, (19%) and the MB Holding group (30%), which is controlled by Nautilus director Dr. Mohammed Ali Al Barwani. MB Holding is the parent of a number of companies with wide ranging interests in the oil and gas, mining, marine and engineering services. MB Group has operations in over 20 countries and employs over 6,000 employees. Metallionvest is controlled by Alisher Usmanov, Russia’s richest man with a net worth estimated at $15.1 billion.

Nautilus said Friday it is not bankrupt and remains in possession and control of its business, while continuing to receive support in the form of loans from a lender.

On Friday, the shares were trading at 5 cents, leaving the company with a market cap of $34.15 million based on 683.03 million shares outstanding.  The 52-week range is 39 cents and 4.5 cents.

Shortly prior to the company’s application for protection under CCAA, the company said it received a US$750,000 loan from Deep Sea Mining Finance Ltd. The loan was made available under a loan agreement between the company, two of its subsidiaries, and the lender, which provides for a secured structured credit facility of up to US$34 million.

Nautilus said the lender is a private company held equally by each of USM Finance Ltd., a wholly-owned subsidiary of USM Holdings Ltd., an affiliate of Metallionvest Holding (Cyprus) Ltd.; and Mawarid Offshore Mining Ltd., a unit of MB Holding Company LLC.

As the lender is indirectly controlled by affiliates of the company’s two largest shareholders, the lender is a “related party” of the company and the loan transaction constitutes a “related party transaction.” Therefore it is exempt from the formal evaluation of minority shareholder approval requirements.

Nautilus said it has already received US$18.25 million in loans from the lender, which it said has agreed to advance the company up to $4 million to fund its ongoing operations and restructuring. These loans bear interest at 8% annually and are payable bi-annually in arrears. All loans have a maturity date of March 8, 2019.

Nautilus said it continues to seek short and long term solutions while assessing its options, including various restructuring options. It said negotiations with various third parties continue.

Meanwhile, the company said it can offer no assurances that it will be able to successfully negotiate and complete any funder or other transactions. It said any transactions will be subject to all necessary stock exchange, third party and government approvals, as well as compliance with all other regulatory requirements.

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Logging, mining and fisheries at centre of increasing slave trade in Pacific

The delegates that were in Apia for a people smuggling/human trafficking transnational crime workshop. Photo: Supplied

Concerns over increasing slave trade in Pacific

Radio New Zealand | 21 February 2019 

The Pacific Immigration Development Community says human trafficking to the point of slavery is increasingly common in industries like logging, mining and fishing.

The immigration watchdog says island countries are now both a source and destination for human trafficking and people smuggling.

The watchdog’s head Ioane Alama said people smuggling occurs when migrants cross borders illegally but human trafficking is more sinister.

“There is always an essence of exploitation. The person being trafficked, there is a form of exploitation, either be labour, forced labour, in some cases servitude, we’ve heard of sexual exploitation, in terms of prostitution.

“And also more recently we’re hearing references to slavery, of slavery, or practices similar to slavery.”

Ioane Alama said Pacific governments are improving how they detect and prevent human trafficking through better information sharing and increased vigilance.

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