Category Archives: Exploration

NZ Māori disappointed ancestral land up for tender for oil and gas drilling in Taranaki

Land covering 2200 square kilometres around Mt Taranaki has been put up for tender for oil and gas drilling. Photo: RNZ / Rebekah Parsons-King

Leigh-Marama McLachlan | Radio New Zealand | 5 May 2019 

Iwi in Taranaki are upset the government has put their ancestral land up for oil and gas drilling.

The latest block offer, announced this week, covers 2200 square kilometres of land around Mt Taranaki.

Ngāti Ruanui chief executive Debbie Ngarewa-Packer said it stirred a feeling of anxiety they know too well.

“The whole community is caught up on what happens if they come. What happens if they are irresponsible around our wāhi tapu?

“What happens if they ruin our whenua and then go off when they have found nothing and dug holes everywhere?

“A community with uncertainty can’t reach its full potential.”

This is the first block offer for this government and comes after last year’s announcement it would ban new oil and gas exploration out at sea – but not onshore.

This week’s offer excluded conservation land and cultural sites like Maunga Taranaki and Parihaka.

But Ngāruahine iwi leader Daisy Noble said it was still unacceptable.

“It should have been a stake in the ground: There is not going to be any more offers,” she said.

“They went for a bob each way and we are sick and tired of these sorts of attitudes.”

In the South Taranaki town of Patea, 53 percent of the adults earn less than $20,000 a year.

Ngāruahine recently settled its treaty claims for $67.5 million dollars but Ms Noble said oil exploration was holding them back.

“The opportunities that exist for us at home, near my hapū, is about our whenua. By the time it comes back to us, all the goodness of it is gone. It’s already taken out.

“How do we develop our whenua when you have already taken the best part away?”

Former Green Party candidate for Te Tai Hauāuru, Jack McDonald, is gutted with the offer, which covers his own tribal lands.

“It is a slap in the face that this so-called progressive government, which is meant to be taking a new approach to climate change and a new approach to Māori-Crown relations, would actually continue with this approach.”

The government aims to reduce New Zealand’s emissions to net zero by 2050.

Te Tai Hauāuru MP Adrian Rurawhe said he understood their concerns.

“I sympathise with them but until we can transition to a low emissions economy, we are basically going to have to live with the situation we are in.”

The tender closes 28 August. In a new move, companies must engage with iwi if they want to explore within 200 metres of a sacred site or waterway.

But Ms Ngarewa-Packer said under the Resource Management Act and in agreements they formed with the companies, their area of influence extended to 500m.

“But for us, some companies could sit there and say, ‘Oh we are going to default to the Crown process, versus yours.’ So to a large degree, it falls shy off the expectations we have on the company.”

She said without the power to veto, iwi ended up in costly legal fights.

Last year, Ngāti Ruanui won a lengthy battle to stop seabed mining off the coast of Patea. It is one of many legal challenges the iwi has pursued.

Ms Ngarewa-Packer said it took a toll and all of that pressure came back each time a block offer was announced.


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Filed under Environmental impact, Exploration, Human rights, New Zealand

Anger after Solomon Islands miner involved in spill gets new licence

MV Solomon Trader oil spill on Rennell Island, Solomon Islands. Photo: The Australian High Commission Solomon Islands

Radio New Zealand | 22 March 2019 

Transparency Solomon Islands says it’s concerned about new mining licences to a company at the centre of an environmental disaster.

The licences given to Bintan Mining Solomon Islands are under fire amid a cleanup of an estimated 100 tonnes of its oil spilled into a marine reserve.

Since a ship contracted by Bintan grounded on a reef off Rennell Island in early February, the company has faced widespread criticism.

But on 8 March, just one day after Prime Minister Rick Hou threatened to put it on an international blacklist, Bintan was issued two mine prospecting licences.

The licences, which were confirmed by the Director of Mines, Nicholas Biliki, are in the islands of Isabel and San Jorge in Isabel province.

Transparency Solomon Islands said Bintan’s licences should be revoked because of the damage done on Rennell.

“Why issue the Licence to a company we know how incapable and irresponsible the company is when it comes to risk sharing of benefits, management and capacity to deal with any disaster,” the NGO said in a statement.

Meanwhile, officials estimate it will take at least two months to salvage the grounded ship.

Mr Biliki declined to be interviewed on Thursday but said he would issue a statement to local media.

The Mining Minister, Bradley Tovosia, appeared to have disconnected his office phone after repeated calls from RNZ Pacific.

Officials estimate it will take at least two months to salvage the ship, the MV Solomon Trader, with the spill contained only this week.

Clean up efforts after the oil spill off Rennell Island in Solomon Islands. Photo: Supplied/ Derek Pongi

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Filed under Corruption, Environmental impact, Exploration, Solomon Islands

Kingston seeks to reboot gold mining on Misima Island

Work on Misima. Source: Kingston Resources

Sarah Byrne | Business Advantage | 18 March 2019

Drilling new targets and locating starter pits are the key focus for junior miner Kingston Resources, as it seeks to revive gold mining on Papua New Guinea’s Misima Island. Managing Director Andrew Corbett reveals the company’s plans to Business Advantage PNG.

With positive drill results to date, Kingston Resources Managing Director Andrew Corbett is confident further exploration will lead to finding new gold resources on Misima Island in Louisiade Archipelago, Milne Bay Province.

‘This year is about following up on the targets we identified through our successful geochemical exploration program in 2018. Identifying near-surface ounces at these targets will allow us to recover capital expenditure, reduce the pay back period and therefore, decrease risk.’

The company is ramping up exploration and plans to drill a range of targets across at least four areas within a few kilometres of the original Misima open pit mine, which operated between 1989 and 2004.

‘We aren’t looking to extend the current resource, we are locating new targets in areas with no previous exploration,’ he says.

Locating starter pits will be the key to reviving the project, according to Corbett.

‘We are ramping up exploration and from what we’ve seen so far, there is great potential at Misima, which is exciting for the team.’


Kingston’s interest in Misima is driven by the project’s potential to become a large, long-life project, which Corbett says is rare for a junior company.

Juniors have great capacity to take risks by developing new and interesting projects that larger, more risk-averse companies don’t pursue, he adds.

While confident in the outlook for mining projects in Papua New Guinea, Corbett says access to funding is always a focus.

‘At the moment, a lot of the activity is coming from the major players, and it can be difficult for juniors to secure funding.’

In a bid to lessen its need for external funding, the company’s Livingstone project in Western Australia is seen as a potential funding source for Misima.

‘We are continuing to advance Livingstone, this has always been seen as a great option to help fund Misima, through either cash flow or selling it if needs be,’ he says.

‘Funding will always be a challenge, but we are in good stead with having the Livingstone asset and a significant resource base at Misima.’

‘If we continue to deliver operationally, the funding will follow.’

Community support

Corbett says operating in Papua New Guinea has generally been a positive experience, with great support from the Mineral Resources Authority, other regulatory groups and the local community.

‘One of the most important things for us is the support we’ve received, particularly from the local community.

‘We do our best to listen to and work with the community and offer employment where possible because these relationships are key.’

Bright future

As exploration at Misima continues to advance, Corbett says instability around industry regulations is a worry for the company.

‘If the rules change, it is difficult for everyone, from the major players right down to the junior miners.’

As the mining industry in Papua New Guinea continues to strengthen, Corbett says Misima remains a great opportunity for Kingston.

‘I’ve great confidence in mining in Papua New Guinea, with the outlook for gold, copper and nickel in great shape,’ he says.

With the Wafi-Golpu project looking set to get the green light this year, and a number of other projects going ahead or looking to expand, Corbett says things are looking good for the sector.

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Filed under Exploration, Financial returns, Mine construction

Geopacific to fully acquire PNG gold project

Matt Birney | The West Australian | 8 March 2019

ASX listed gold developer Geopacific Resources is set to scoop up the remaining 7% of its JV holding with Kula Gold Ltd it does not already control, giving it full ownership of the emerging Woodlark gold project in PNG.

The timing appears to be quite strategic, with the company’s November DFS for the project delivering strong economic and technical outcomes at a base case scenario using an AUD$1,650 per ounce gold price.

With gold trading 10% higher than that this week, those outcomes are looking rosier by the day.

Back in January, Geopacific’s Managing Director Ron Heeks set it out plainly saying: “… every AUD$10 increase in the gold price is an additional ~AUD$10m in revenue which is a considerable upside for the +1million ounce project optimised at ~AUD$150 less than the current market.”

In fact, a gold price of AUD$1,800 per ounce delivers over AUD$140m in additional free cash to the project over its initial project mine life.

Mr Heeks added this week: “Acquiring 100% direct interest in Woodlark is a positive step in the project’s development pathway. The simplified ownership structure enhances its attractiveness to potential financiers and positions it to take advantage of the growing AUD$ margin as projected revenues and most costs are to be in Australian dollars.”

“Ownership consolidation takes place as the gold price moves well above the DFS pricing assumption of AUD$1,650/oz.”

The company tabled an excellent set of numbers in last year’s Woodlark DFS, headlined by $257m in free cash the project generates in the first five years, or about $51m per year post-tax for the same period.

The study delineated an initial project mine life of 13 years, producing nearly 1 million ounces of gold and spitting out an average of $26m post-tax annually for the life of the mine.

The project produces a post-tax NPV of $197m and an IRR of 29% and post-tax capital payback is estimated to be just over two years.

The all-in sustaining cost for the first five years of production was just AUD$866 per gold ounce, producing high margins at a puny strip ratio of just over 3 to 1.

By comparison, many West Australian open pit gold miners wrestle with double or triple this strip ratio for their narrow shear-hosted deposits.

The project is blessed with flat terrain and soft outcropping ores with average metallurgical gold recoveries exceeding 90% for the first five years of production.

For the life of mine, the AISC was estimated at $1,033 per ounce, largely driving the strong economic outcomes from the DFS.

The sustained increase in the gold price since early October last year has put some icing on the cake for Geopacific and no doubt, was front and centre, in its decision to commence acquiring the Woodlark project outright.

The CAPEX costs for the Woodlark project are pretty tidy too, coming in around AUD$200m, which is a favourable result for any new gold mining operation, particularly one constructed offshore.

Geopacific recently produced an updated ore reserve totalling 28.9 million tonnes grading 1.12g/t gold for 1.04 million ounces, which underpins the project moving forward.

All permitting has been granted and the project enjoys strong community support in the proven mining investment hub of PNG.

The company holds the dominant tenement position on Woodlark Island and administers a very prospective regional exploration portfolio of ground surrounding the granted mining leases.

An island-wide regional geochemical soil sampling program completed over the last six months unearthed a plethora of exciting new gold and copper exploration targets and blue-sky possibilities for Geopacific to consider.

Once in production, the company will be able to self-fund and potentially sustain its mining operations at the Woodlark gold project beyond the initial 13-year mine life.

Acquisition of Kula Gold’s remaining 7% JV holding in Woodlark will come via a cash and scrip transaction that will cost Geopacific about AUD$3.25m

A price it seems willing to fork out to consolidate its interest in the project and simplify the ownership structure, which should also lead to significant corporate cost reductions and administrative overheads.

Simplifying the structure will be beneficial for the company too, as it can get on with the job of financing the project and undertake a full exploration tilt at the very prospective porphyry gold-copper land holdings it controls across Woodlark Island.

The clouds are parting for Geopacific in the PNG, giving greater clarity to its road ahead at the impressive Woodlark gold project.

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Filed under Exploration, Financial returns, Papua New Guinea

Bougainville project looks prospective for Kalia

Matt Birney | The West Australian | January 21, 2019

Kalia Limited has completed a detailed and highly anticipated geophysical survey program over the Mt Tore JV tenements located at the northern end of mineral-rich Bougainville Island in PNG.

According to the company, an initial review of the geophysical data identified deep seated, intrusive geological complexes and potential structural pathways for the sought after base and precious metal mineralisation.

The airborne survey produced nearly 11,000-line kilometres of data over the company’s large exploration licences covering more than 1,700 square kilometres, with the data set currently undergoing final processing by Fathom Geophysics.

Preliminary imagery of the survey data has been created and is currently being used by Kalia personnel on-site to commence generation of potential new exploration targets.

The magnetic data response apparently coincides well with the topography in this part of the island, which Kalia believes is representative of the thickness of the in-situ volcanic units – being thicker in the easternmost EL03 tenement and thinner in excised river valleys elsewhere.

The company’s Technical Director Peter Batten said: “2019 has commenced with fieldwork in EL03 toward the Teoveane – Puspa target with work scheduled to focus there and at Melilup this month.”

“… this new dataset will provide an excellent insight into the geology and structural framework of the project area and assist with optimizing on-ground target follow-up.”

“This will allow the team to more accurately plan for expeditions onto known targets and is especially important for EL04 where the complete lack of geophysical data has previously hampered effective exploration activities.”

Kalia considers the northern part of Bougainville very prospective for many different styles of metallic mineralisation, including porphyry copper-gold deposits, epithermal multi-mineral base metal/gold deposits and volcanogenic massive sulphide mineral occurrences.

According to management, the recent geophysical survey was the first conducted on Bougainville since 1987 and has much better spatial resolution and a fuller coverage than the earlier work.

Kalia has a 75% managing interest in the Tore Joint Venture Limited or “TJV” exploration licences on Bougainville.

The incredible prospectivity of Bougainville is well known with the mothballed Panguna Mine, which still retains an amazing 1.8 billion tonne JORC-compliant mineral resource at 0.3% copper and 0.34g/t gold, serving as a signpost of the island’s potential mineral endowment.

The two Kalia-held exploration licences were the first tenements issued to a non-Bougainvillean entity after the lifting of the moratorium on mining activity by the Autonomous Bougainville Government in May 2017.

Kalia appears to have integrated well with the local communities and its 75/25 JV with local landholders will be held up as the new mining model on Bougainville if Kalia can get its project off the ground.

Generation of new exploration targets from the $1 million investment in the geophysical survey work and interpretation are expected to drop out shortly, with the company anticipating to define additional prospectivity in areas of its tenement holdings never previously surveyed.

With a solid foundation established in the community and the landowner base, Kalia, through the TJV, is poised to start delivering regular assay results from its exploration field work in 2019.

The company is building up a plethora of new geological data on Bougainville that could throw up a treasure trove of exploratory targets over its large land holding on the island.

That this mineral rich province has been off the radar for so long makes the company’s activities very interesting and something of a frontier exploration play, where anything of any size could potentially be unearthed.


Filed under Bougainville, Exploration

Kalia about to hit its straps in Bougainville

Matt Birney | The West Australian | 12 December 2018

Kalia Limited has been busy doing the geological ground work to systematically unlock the mineral riches on Bougainville Island from early next year. It has now completed a highly anticipated geophysical survey over the Mt Tore JV tenements and commenced data interpretation for the exploration of its porphyry copper-gold assets

The JV area is located at the northern end of Bougainville in Papua New Guinea.

The geophysical survey produced nearly 11,000-line kilometres of data over both of the company’s large exploration licences, which has now been forwarded to Fathom Geophysics for interpretation.

Fathom specialise in exploration beneath cover in epithermal terranes that are prevalent in PNG and the latest exploration activity represents one of the first serious exploration pushes on the mineral rich island for some time, after mining was effectively shut down when the civil war took hold three decades ago.

Kalia Managing Director Terry Larkan said: “The team in Bougainville were very excited to report that, after checking the data quality from the day’s flying, the data collection was complete. The historic value of completing this program will not be lost on those familiar with Bougainville; it was certainly not lost on our geology team …”.

Mr Larkan said the company was excited to see what secrets would be revealed once the data is processed by Fathom this month. Results will be released in January after company geologists have fully analysed and interpreted the processed data.

“In the interim we will continue with the fieldwork at the target areas identified using the results from the previous survey that covered only 20% of the (combined) EL03 and EL04 (areas)”, Mr Larkan added.

The company has a 75% managing interest in the Tore Joint Venture Limited or “TJV” exploration licences on Bougainville.

The prospectivity of Bougainville is well known with the mothballed Panguna Mine, still retaining an amazing 1.8 billion tonne JORC-compliant mineral resource at 0.3% copper and 0.34g/t gold, serving as an indicator of the island’s mineral endowment.

A moratorium on all mining activity has effectively been in place since the Australian Government, which held PNG as a territory at the time, issued exclusive rights to the predecessor entities of what is now Bougainville Copper Limited in the 1960s.

This became a blanket moratorium when mining operations stopped at Panguna in 1989 due to the ongoing Bougainville crisis.

Post the crisis, the Autonomous Bougainville Government or the “ABG” was formed through the UN sponsored peace process of 2004. The Peace Agreement gave the ABG authority for the minerals on the island.

The ABG instituted a complete moratorium on mining activity except for the abandoned Panguna Mine where they converted the Special Mining Licence into an Exploration Licence over that gigantic ore deposit.

The two Kalia-held exploration licences cover an area of just over 1,700 square kilometres and were the first tenements issued to a non-Bougainvillean entity after the lifting of the moratorium on mining activity by the ABG in May last year.

The company is presently the only listed entity actually working with licences issued under the Mining Act 2015 on Bougainville.

The Mining Act 2015 puts the actual mineral rights into the hands of the traditional landowners and requires licence holders to facilitate the formal organisation of the landowners and to negotiate access to the minerals with those same groups – a hurdle that Kalia has already managed to traverse.

Kalia appears to have integrated into the local communities well and its 75/25 JV with local landholders will be held up as the new mining model on Bougainville if Kalia can get its project to fly.

Kalia geologists have provided the TJV with a full technical review of an historical geophysical survey that covered about 40% of its easternmost exploration licence, but none of the westernmost licence.

The TJV has now completed a wider airborne geophysical survey using a helicopter to collect the data, with equipment far more advanced that that used in the original 1989 survey.

The results of this $1 million investment will be available in January next year and will better define the known target areas and are expected to identify additional targets within regions of the licence area not previously surveyed.

Some small-scale reconnaissance exploration mapping and surface sampling has been undertaken by Kalia over the exposed geology and assay results have largely corroborated the historical results.

The limited work has supported the historical conclusion that there is gold and copper mineralisation in epithermal settings in the exploration licences.

Field checking has also identified two new areas that were not identified in the historical data and these will require additional work to advance them towards being potential future drilling targets.

Rock chip sampling at the Baiano prospect has defined a 1000m x 400m wide elevated copper anomalism.

At the Teoveane prospect, potassic alteration on a volcanic intrusive rock was sampled and rock chip sample assays from the outcrop returned a very encouraging result of 6.37 g/t gold and 0.45% copper.

In addition, field exploration extended up a side stream to the north of this first outcrop where 1.1km away, another similar altered volcanic outcrop was sampled, generating a gold grade of 0.94g/t and copper grade of 0.06%.

These two areas at the Teoveane prospect are in addition to the four potential copper-gold porphyry systems and at least one intact epithermal target, identified through historical investigations.

The mineralisation noted at the historical targets is yet to be verified by field work, however ground access has now been granted to some of these targets and access is expected to others shortly.

With a solid foundation now established in the community and the landowner base, Kalia, through the TJV, is poised to start delivering regular assay results from exploration field work now.

This includes the potential announcement of additional targets from interpretation of the detailed geophysical data, which will hopefully progress rapidly to define drill targets that will unlock the mineral potential of Bougainville that has been hidden away for so long.

Kalia is building up a plethora of new geological data on Bougainville that could throw up a treasure trove of exploratory targets over its large land holding on the island.

That this mineral rich province has been off the radar for nearly three decades makes the company’s activities quite exciting and something of a frontier exploration play, where anything could be unearthed.

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Papua LNG group signs MOU with Papua New Guinea

Rick Wilkinson | Oil and Gas Journal | 16 November 2018

The Papua LNG joint venture partners led by Total SA have signed a memorandum of understanding with the government of Papua New Guinea for development of the Elk-Antelope gas-condensate fields, known as the Papua LNG Project.

The scope of the agreement includes priority terms and conditions forming the basis for a gas agreement as well as a timeline for negotiation. The gas agreement is scheduled for finalization during first-quarter 2019.

The MOU follows the Papua LNG and the ExxonMobil Corp.-led PNG-LNG joint venture parties reaching broad alignment earlier this year on the preferred downstream concept for the next phase of LNG development in Papua New Guinea.

The plan involves the construction of three 2.7 million tonne/year capacity LNG trains on the existing PNG-LNG plant site at Caution Bay just west of Port Moresby. Two trains will be supplied with gas from the Elk-Antelope fields and the third train by gas from existing PNG-LNG fields and the yet-to-be developed P’nyang field in the Western Highlands. Together Elk-Antelope and P’nyang contain an estimated 11 tcf of undeveloped 2C gas resource.

The Papua LNG Project is based on the Elk-Antelope reseources in petroleum retention license PRL15 in the Eastern Highlands. Total has 31.1% interest, ExxonMobil has 28.3% interest acquired when it bought InterOil Corp. earlier this year, and Oil Search Ltd. has 17.7%. These percentages are after the state of Papua New Guinea has backed into the project for 22.5%.

Papua New Guinea Prime Minister Peter O’Neill labeled the MOU as “another historic moment for Papua New Guinea and the beginning of the development of the second LNG (Project) in our country.”

He said, “Today’s memorandum paves the way for us to enter into a project gas agreement which will be negotiated between the parties over the next 3-4 months and to be concluded by Mar. 31, 2019.”

Peter Botten, managing director of Oil Search which, like ExxonMobil, is a participant in both joint ventures, said pre-FEED downstream studies on the three-train development concept are well under way. The scope of the engineering work includes design, process, and layout optimization of the expansion concept from the gas inlet to the LNG loading arm.

“Work taking place includes the brownfield tie-ins, compressor driver selection, LNG loading and shipping, condensate treatment, storage and loading, and execution planning,” Botten said. “We expect this will underpin entry into the full FEED stage.”

Botten added that discussions between the government negotiating team and the P’nyang (PRL—3) joint venture are well advanced. “With an integrated FEED entry decision required to advance the three-train expansion at the PNG-LNG site, completion of the gas agreement between the government and the PRL-3 joint venture is expected to occur in a similar timeframe to the Papua LNG Project,” he said.

The recent MOU for Papua LNG was signed as a show piece for Papua New Guinea during the Asia Pacific Economic Conference (APEC) in Port Moresby in the presence of Papua New Guinea Prime Minister O’Neill and Total Chairman and CEO Patrick Pouyanne.

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Filed under Exploration, Mine construction, Papua New Guinea