Tag Archives: Mayur Resources

Britain passes one week without coal power for first time since 1882

Twilight for coal: Rugeley power station in Staffordshire, which is now being demolished. Photograph: Northern Nights Photography/Alamy Stock Photo

Landmark follows government pledge to phase out electricity from coal by 2025

Jasper Jolly | The Guardian | 8 May 2019 

Britain has gone a week without using coal to generate electricity for the first time since Queen Victoria was on the throne, in a landmark moment in the transition away from the heavily polluting fuel.

The last coal generator came off the system at 1.24pm on 1 May, meaning the UK reached a week without coal at 1.24pm on Wednesday, according to the National Grid Electricity System Operator, which runs the network in England, Scotland and Wales.

Coal-fired power stations still play a major part in the UK’s energy system as a backup during high demand but the increasing use of renewable energy sources such as wind power means it is required less. High international coal prices have also made the fuel a less attractive source of energy.

The latest achievement – the first coal-free week since 1882, when a plant opened at Holborn in London – comes only two years after Britain’s first coal-free day since the Industrial Revolution.

Burning coal to generate electricity is thought to be incompatible with avoiding catastrophic climate change, and the UK government has committed to phasing out coal-fired power by 2025.

Reductions in coal use in the UK have been responsible for halving electricity generation emissionssince 2013, according to the Committee on Climate Change (CCC), whose report last week called for the UK to pursue a target of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050.

Fintan Slye, the director of National Grid ESO, said he believed Britain’s electricity system could be run with zero carbon as soon as 2025.

He said: “Zero-carbon operation of the electricity system by 2025 means a fundamental change to how our system was designed to operate – integrating newer technologies right across the system – from large-scale offshore wind to domestic-scale solar panels to increased demand-side participation, using new smart digital systems to manage and control the system in real-time.”

Greg Clark, the business secretary, hailed the achievement. He said the UK is “on a path to become the first major economy to legislate for net-zero emissions” in the wake of the report.

However, the government has also faced criticism over some of its policies. The CCC’s chief executive, Chris Stark, said on Wednesday that proposals to impose higher VAT on solar panels and its failure to give its full backing to onshore wind generation would make meeting a net-zero emissions target more difficult.

“We will need to throw everything at this challenge, including onshore wind and solar,” Stark told MPs on the business committee. “Anything that makes it harder is really not in line with the net-zero challenge overall.”

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Coal too dirty for our good

Rugeley power station in the UK is being demolished in phases until 2021. Coal plants are being retired at a record pace globally. Photograph: Christopher Thomond/The Guardian

The National aka The Loggers Times | April 15, 2019

COAL is a cheap hydrocarbon fuel and can be used in the production of goods and services, such as electricity.

However, this cheap hydrocarbon fuel is also the No.1 cause of environmental pollution and other issues.

Coal mining and its use in Papua New Guinea should be banned.

The following direct and indirect costs of coal use support the ban.

  • Coal is an unsustainable source of energy and it cannot be replaced once it has been used;
  • carbon emissions from mine blasts and machinery used in mining coal will cause irreparable environmental damage;
  • environmental damage and carbon and heat emissions from coal mining and the industrial use of coal will contribute to global warming and exacerbate the problems we are facing with adverse weather conditions and rising sea levels globally;
  • adverse weather conditions damage roads and highways which are expensive to build, repair and maintain. They also cause major traffic delays at sea ports and airports affecting international trade and the movement of people locally and internationally;
  • adverse weather conditions are causing extensive damage to food gardens and cities and towns, as well as dislocating residents of cities, towns and villages, causing hardship and inconvenience;
  • it is costly to provide assistance to people affected by natural disasters, which are being made worse by global warming;
  • coal mining will result in the loss of the value of forests to local communities because when communities lose their forests they also lose food, shelter, and other things they depend on as people of the land; and,
  • Smog produced from the industrial use of coal in cities will increase respiratory and lung problems. Of course, the medical cost of treating the diseases is another consideration against the use of coal. PNG has so much natural resources that can be harnessed to produce cheaper, dependable and clean electricity. Coal is not one of them.

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Kikori MP opposes coal mining

MP is against coal mining and has no interest in having it in the Kikori District

Loop Business | April 11, 2019

The Member for Kikori Open has expressed disgust and total dissatisfaction with the manner in which Mayur Resources has failed to consult him or his office regarding their coal development ideas in his district.

Soroi Eoe, who is also Minister for Community Development, Youth & Religion, said since Mayur Resources began operations in country and more so in their plans for the Kikori District, in Gulf Province, “the company hasn’t initiated any dialogue with my office nor had the courtesy to consult me on my views regarding coal development”.

“The cheap energy argument pushed by proponents (including national politicians) for coal development in my district need to be weighed against other relatively cleaner and healthier options that are available – alternative energy sources that my District is richly blessed with, such as: Small- Medium Hydro, Wind and Solar energy,” said the MP in a statement.

“Furthermore, on behalf of my people and the State, I am involved right now in the process of and negotiating a decent DMO (Domestic Market Obligation) component in the Papua LNG project agreement and I cannot entertain coal development for energy use at the same time on exactly the same strip of land. This makes little sense.

“I am against coal mining and have no interest in having the project in the Kikori District.”

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Electricity from hydropower, solar and wind is always better than coal

Yaengolism Yalanem |The National aka The Loggers Times | April 10, 2019

PAPUA New Guinea is blessed with numerous pristine mountains and rivers, with high rainfall in the sense that we can get hydropower anywhere in the mountainous region.

Even wasted energy from the LNG is not utilised.

The commercialisation of the LNG wasted gas energy is optimal as in the case of gas-power commercialisation by Dirio Gas & Power Company.

Hydropower is wasted energy when not utilised. The high rainfall in most areas of the country provide for numerous rivers, all with good volume and flow rate.

These can provide both a source of clean, sustainable power, water for export and carbon credits. A single dam on the Purari River, for example, can provide five times the required on and off grid current power requirement for the country, but instead they have resorted to the coal seam west of Herd Base up the Purari River for the coal-fired power by Mayur Resources.

Climate change is a major threat to livelihoods in PNG.

Gulf Governor Chris Haiveta reiterated in The National on March 22 that coal was a base-load power while energy sources like solar, hydro and wind fluctuates.

Is base-load power really relevant? Because solar and wind are intermittent, hydro can be used to balance intermittent solar and wind, but experts say the term is a “dinosaur” that has been misunderstood and that no longer can apply to our dynamic energy market. Demand varies hugely and energy production needs to be responsive.

Coal-fired power stations can take days to fire up from cold to full capacity and when demand slumps during off-peak periods, shutting down isn’t an option.

So when these power plants are being built in PNG, a market solution will be created. To stop them from having to turn off overnight, the regulators and the operators will offer very, very low-cost electricity for consumers to run their electrification systems, which will in turn sustain the ‘base-load’ on the power station.

The thought of producing clean coal is just a notion made by the coal company and its proponents and promoting coal as clean is a little bit just like an advertising slogan. As the saying goes, whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster.

Power-lust is a weed that grows only in the vacant lots of an abandoned mind.

Clean energy will only be generated from hydro, solar, wind, tide, geothermal and bio-fuels.

By then, the energy from fossil fuel is replaced by clean energy and environmental degradation and climate change is minimized.

Remember not to be charmed into promises or offers to receive any property or benefit for your greed to satiate your desires.

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Japan to oppose new or expanded coal-fired power plants in blow to Australian exports

Japan’s environment minister has announced he will ‘in principle’ oppose any new plans to build or expand coal-fired power stations. Photograph: David Gray/Reuters

Australia’s top export market for thermal coal gives further signs of dramatic energy pivot to renewables

Ben Smee | The Guardian | 31 March 2019 

Japan’s environment minister has announced he will “in principle” oppose any new plans to build or expand coal-fired power stations, as further signs emerge of a dramatic energy pivot by Australia’s top export market for thermal coal.

Guardian Australia reported in March that Japan had cancelled a large percentage of planned investments in coal-fired power, while Japanese investment vehicles were ditching coal projects and instead seeking to back large-scale renewable projects across Asia.

Market analysts expect the price of thermal coal will remain dictated by China, whose recent restrictions on Australian exports have already tempered near-record prices, and would likely continue to reduce its value.

A faster-than-anticipated transition by the Japanese energy sector, which buys 39% of Australian-mined thermal coal, would affect future volumes and the viability of some new mines.

The resources sector believes forecasts for slowing demand in north and east Asia will be offset by growth in demand in parts of south Asia and south-east Asia.

But the financing of new coal-fired projects in developing Asia will likely come from investment vehicles based in China, Japan and Korea, and be closely linked to domestic policy in those countries.

Late last week, three separate announcements added to a growing belief that a renewed, positive focus on the Paris goals is emerging in Japan, among government and large corporations.

The Japanese environment minister, Yoshiaki Harada, announced a “policy initiative” to oppose new or expanded coal-fired power plants, the national newspaper Asahi Shimbun reported.

The environment minister does not have the final say on new power generation projects, but his opinion is considered a fundamental part of the planning process.

On Friday, Japan’s largest utility, Kansai Electric Power, announced it would expand its renewable energy portfolio to 6GW by 2030, earmarking US$5bn in capital expenditure for clean power projects in the next two years.

The same day Japan’s Marubeni Corporation, a significant developer of power projects in developing Asia, announced it would target a doubling of renewable energy revenues by 2023.

Marubeni announced last year it was exiting coal. Its divestment decision was followed by fellow conglomerates MitsuiMitsubishiItochu and Sojitz. Three coal-fired power plant projects have already been cancelled in Japan this year.

Observers in Japan remain cautious, as the country has coal-fired power projects under construction and some already approved. The prime minister, Shinzo Abe, has signalled he wants to show global leadership on climate change, ahead of the next G20 summit in June in Osaka.

The speed with which Japanese government and industry have shifted focus is significant, market analysts say. It comes as global financial institutions are increasingly exiting coal. On Saturday, Australia’s largest insurer, QBE, said it would stop insuring new thermal coal projects – including mines and power generation – from July this year, and underwrite no thermal coal projects by 2030.

Australian coalminers might not feel the direct impacts of these pivots for a decade or more, as most recent announcements relate to new projects, or offer staged exit commitments.

Tim Buckley, the director of energy finance studies for the Institute of Economics and Financial Analysis, said the next decade would be critical for those most heavily dependant on thermal coal.

Buckley said the Australian economy, mining communities and workers would be at greater risk if governments failed to understand the changing sentiment of global financial markets, particularly Japan, and ignored the need to implement effective transition strategies.

“We have a decade to prepare, and that’s the decade that is critically important to building the industries of the future,” Buckley said.

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Global ‘collapse’ in number of new coal-fired power plants

Rugeley power station in the UK is being demolished in phases until 2021. Coal plants are being retired at a record pace globally. Photograph: Christopher Thomond/The Guardian

Not long before coal use is over, say analysts, while warning of possible resurgence in China

Damian Carrington | The Guardian | 28 March 2019

The number of coal-fired power plants being developed around the world has collapsed in the last three years, according to a report.

The number of plants on which construction has begun each year has fallen by 84% since 2015, and 39% in 2018 alone, while the number of completed plants has dropped by more than half since 2015.

The report, from the NGO-backed Global Energy Monitor, says the falling costs of renewable energy are pricing coal out of the electricity market, more than 100 financial institutions have blacklisted coal producers, and political action to cut carbon emissions is growing.

“It’s only a matter of time before coal is a thing of the past worldwide,” said one of the report’s authors, Neha Mathew-Shah, of the Sierra Club.

However, Christine Shearer, of Global Energy Monitor, said even emissions from the existing coal plants were incompatible with keeping global warming below 2C. “We need to radically phase down coal plant use over the next decade to keep on track for Paris climate goals,” she said.

The report warns of a possible coal plant resurgence in China, where satellite photos show developers have restarted work on dozens of suspended projects.

Coal plant retirements have continued at a record pace, the report finds, with the US accounting for more than half of the total despite efforts by the Trump administration to prevent the closure of ageing plants. A separate report this week found that three quarters of existing US coal-fired electricity production was now more expensive than new solar and wind energy.

However, data from the International Energy Agency published on Tuesday found that global carbon emissions rose in 2018, with a young fleet of coal plants in Asia accounting for a third of the increase.

The World Coal Association said in a statement: “As the largest source of electricity generation, coal will continue to be a critical enabler of development. For many countries, particularly in south and south-east Asia, it underpins economic development. We must respect and support them in their choice and fund low emissions technologies.”

However, the best modern coal plants are still significantly more polluting than even gas plants.

China and India have accounted for 85% of new coal power capacity since 2005, according to the Global Energy Monitor report. China permitted construction for the generation of less than 5GW of coal power in 2018, compared with 184GW in 2015. India permitted less than 3GW in 2018, compared with 39GW in 2010. India has added more solar and wind power capacity than coal over the last two years.

However, a report by the China Electricity Council, which represents the power utilities, proposes allowing 290GW of new capacity, more than the entire US coal fleet.

Lauri Myllyvirta, of Greenpeace, said: “Another coal power construction spree [in China] would be near impossible to reconcile with the emission reductions needed to avoid the worst impacts of global warming.”

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Energy Minister On Mayur Bandwagon

Gorethy Kenneth | Post Courier | March 22, 2019

Energy Minister Sam Basil says promoting clean coal in PNG is the way to go now because it will be the cheapest electricity supply for households.
Mr Basil addressing the media in Port Moresby, voiced support for Mayur Resources in the pretext of providing energy mix in PNG, saying it was time PNG promoted clean coal as a definite mixture and possibly cheap energy to help especially rural PNG.
“In a few weeks time, early April, the signing will happen, we will be looking at power generation and during presentations this week we have heard different companies talking about shipping gas, producing gas, processing gas, running power stations and talking about big mines that will be coming into production soon, and they require power, and it’s a very exciting time for PNG because those investments will improve the economy of PNG and of course improve the life of so many people,” Mr Basil said.
“Like I said before, we do have high voltage lines crisscrossing the nation and people are still asking for power, so investing into different kind of mixes also helps PNG not to suffer when disaster strikes…look at the recent earthquake, gas stopped supplying for three months, if we provide mixes, we are covered so if more than 50 per cent of our population rely on one type of energy we will have a problem.
“For example, hydro, when drought hits, we are affected.
“There are many opportunities available and one of them we didn’t talk about during the conference is the way to power and opportunities are there.
“We do have wind and good locations and of course, we got big deposits of coal in the Gulf.
“All we want is to bring the cost of power down, it’s got to be reliable and it’s got to be cheap and this is what we want in Papua New Guinea.”

Basil not ashamed to push for coal energy

Peter Esila | The National aka The Loggers Times | March 22, 2019
ENERGY Minister Sam Basil says he is not ashamed to talk about coal being used to drive industrialisation in Papua New Guinea.
“I am not ashamed to talk about all types and forms of energy, clean coal being part of it,” he said.
Basil was flanked by Gulf Governor Chris Haiveta and Mayur Resources managing director Paul Mulder. Mayur wants to build a coal power plant in Lae. The coal will be mined in Gulf.
Basil said Australia and Indonesia both had over 70 per cent of their power mixes from coal.
“Here we are, in a tiny, small nation, talking about clean energy while we allow those two big neighbours to smoke the atmosphere for us and our forest are being used as carbon sink,” he said.
“In a few weeks’ time, first week of April, the signing will happen.
“PNG must not be fools in their own country while other countries are using activists to drive anti-coal campaigns,”
Haiveta said the commercialisation of Gulf coal would happen.
He said coal was a base-load power while other energy sources like solar, hydro and wind fluctuated.
“Coal has been the mainstay of the industrial revolution,” Haiveta said.
“What is the big hiccup? We need Papua New Guineans to have free power. If we are the landowners, give us free power.”
Mulder said the project would create jobs for local people.
“We have a nation that has 13 per cent electrification,” he said. “We have got a huge number of people who want jobs. They want manufacturing. When producing this power, we can use clean coal technology.”

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