Tag Archives: United Nations

United Nations against experimental seabed mining in PNG

Merolyn Ten | Post Courier | April 20, 2017

THE United Nations is against the world’s first seabed mining operation which is set to start in two years time in the Bismarck Sea, off the coast of New Ireland Province.

Copper and gold deposits will be mined from the seafloor at a depth of 1600 metres. The UN says this will cause major environmental destruction not only to the communities in New Ireland but the entire Pacific Ocean, and is against the 14 Sustainable Development Goals of the UN.

“There is a high likelihood that mining will disrupt life under the sea and potentially cause mass devastation for biodiversity,” UN resident co-coordinator Ray Trivedy said. The 14 SDG states the importance of conservation and the sustainable use of the ocean, seas and marine resource.

Oceans, especially the Pacific Ocean which PNG is in, contain nearly 200,000 identified species, but actual numbers may lie in the millions. UN main targets were to prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans as stated in the UN Convention Law of Sea.

“I am against sea bed mining because despite what some companies say, I am not convinced that it will lead to sustainable development,” Mr Trivedy said.

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UN Resident Coordinator, Roy Trivedy On Coal Mining in PNG

Leanne Jorari | EMTV News | 7 December 2016

Earlier this week EMTV News reported on the heated debate of coal mining in PNG and since then critics have joined in the debate.

The opposition will not support a coal industry, regardless of it being a lucrative business.

Also speaking against coal mining, UN’s resident coordinator, Roy Trivedy says,

“We should just leave the coal in the ground.”

Affordable and Clean energy is the seventh goal on the list of the United Nations’ global Sustainable Development Goals.

With this in mind, PNG being a signatory to the Paris Climate Agreement, many have opposed the idea of coal being mined in the country.

The fossil fuel has many adverse effects including the emissions of
greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide.

Mr Trivedy, who himself is quite vocal about renewable energy, spoke out against coal mining in the country.

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Barrick Gold: Is the UN all talk or do they really care about Human Rights?

barrick lies

Samantha Cole | All Africa | 15 September 2016

Today is exactly one year since public reports of the UN 2015 Geneva “criticism” of Canadian Mining Companies.

On September 15, 2015, online media reports exposed the UN Human Rights Committee discussions in Geneva, Switzerland in which there was much focus on the activities of mining companies from Canada.

In the usual non-committal manner in which the UN does everything, the Human Rights Committee “addressed a series of concerns” about the problems caused by Canadian mining companies who operate mines around the world.

Was that was the best they could do?

Only to address concerns?

Women are being raped, men are being killed, village homes are being destroyed, environments are being poisoned, in certain areas in the world, these Canadian mining companies are causing devastation and misery beyond description and the most these UN officials were able to come up with, was that they “addressed a series of concerns”.

An article published by “The Diplomat” on September 15, 2015, reported:

  •  Barrick Gold, were allegedly involved in a mass rape of 137 local women aged between 14 and 80 in Papua New Guinea.
  • Acacia Mining (Barrick’s daughter mining company in Africa) were liable, “through complicity, for killing and injuring of locals at the North Mara mine by police guarding the mine,” … .
  • Violence at the North Mara project was allegedly perpetrated by mine security and local police… ..
  • Likewise, allegations of extreme violence, killings, and the mass rape targeting local women in Papua New Guinea, where Barrick Gold has managed the Porgera mine… ..
  •  Barrick Gold’s (practices) was also called out by the local alliance Justice Foundation for Porgera for the “catastrophically changed” subsistence and livelihoods of landowners in Papua New Guinea.

It is undisputed that the Canadian Government has ignored the complaints about mining companies operating overseas. The Government is perfectly aware of the public scandals of mining companies involving illegal activities such as corruption, bribery and fraud, not to mention murder, violence, rape, environmental disasters, etc – but they take no notice.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) have a special unit to investigate Canadian companies operating overseas who are reported to be involved in corruption or fraud or other illegal activities. The RCMP will bring these Canadian mining giants such as Barrick Gold to account for their corruption and fraud activities overseas.

Similarly, in the UK, the Serious Fraud Unit (SFO) have been very successful in the past year cracking down on British companies who are guilty of corruption, fraud and other such crimes in Africa.

Acacia Mining, Barrick’s daughter company, has had a shocking run over the past 14 months in Tanzania since Bloomberg first published the story of the US$ 115 million case that Acacia are facing from the local mining company, Bismark Hotels (Mining) Limited for financial damages arising from Acacia losing Bismark’s mining concession. In this case, allegedly, Acacia is also involved in a very serious case of possible corruption and fraud involving at least one or more officials in the Ministry of Energy and Minerals.

If that was not enough this year, they have also been found guilty of tax evasion to the tune of US$ 41 million. And, the headaches continued with the public lambasting of their company in the Tanzanian Parliament.

There is more (like 255 legal cases against them) but let’s not labour the point… .

Needless to say, our friends in the UN Human Rights Committee have not taken any notice of the crimes and illegal activities by Barrick Gold and Acacia Mining:

In 2015:

Chile, Dominican Republic, Philippines, USA, England, Papua N Guinea, Canada, Tanzania, Argentina.

In 2016:

Dominican Republic, Tanzania; Argentina; USA, Papua N Guinea.

All around the world, these two mining companies are causing havoc, distress and misery.

Human Rights Watch published a report  [pdf file] last year that states clearly that Barrick Gold are known for problems involving human rights and hazardous substances and wastes. In addition, the report exposes “Barrick Gold had also not been transparent… .. ” and “sexual violence”.

Will someone in the UN Human Rights Committee stand up, ONE YEAR later, and have the courage to say to Barrick Gold and Acacia Mining, who together making up the biggest gold miners in the world, ENOUGH IS ENOUGH!

In Swahili, we say TUMECHOKA!!

Are you, in the UN, all talk or do you really care ?

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UN report urges dewatering of Solomons tailings dam

Radio New Zealand

The United Nations and the World Health Organization are calling for the immediate de-watering of a tailings dam at the closed Gold Ridge Mine in Solomon Islands, which is dangerously close to spilling over.

A researcher from the Australian National University, Dr Matthew Allen, visited the dam in January and has recently cited the much anticipated UN and WHO reports.

He says they call for immediate action and an end to a standoff between the Solomon Islands Government and Goldridge land owners with the Australian mine owner St Barbara.

“There would still be some risk there would still be some uncertainties but as far as I know, you know the reports make the point very strongly that those risks would be far outweighed by the potential environmental catastrophe that would ensue if the dam wall was to be breached.”

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Mining Ombudsman will promote, not solve, PNGs resource curse

A recent United Nations report [see below] on the resource curse in PNG highlights some of the failures of an economy based on large scale resource extraction. But the report ultimately falls short in exposing the real depth of the problems. Instead, it attempts to further promote this destructive, violent and failed model of development by recommending a new Mining Ombudsman in PNG.

The report, authored by New Zealand academic, Glenn Banks, has highlighted the failure of the PNG economy, which is based on large-scale mining, to improve the lives of ordinary people in PNG.

But in its analysis the report fails to comprehend the scale of the environmental and social destruction caused by large-scale resource projects and, in making its recommendations, it fails to understand the scale of the corruption and inequality in PNG.

Mining and other large-scale resource extraction destroy the environment that people rely on for their subsistence and cash incomes, divide communities which then fracture and lose all social cohesion, undermine traditional structures and culture and create a sense of dependency rather than self-sufficiency.

In PNG numerous Commission’s of Inquiry, an Ombudsman Commission and a special Task Force on corruption have all proved  ineffective in PNG in delivering any justice or accountability and with this history, the suggestion for a new Mining Ombudsman should be viewed as either naive and foolish or deliberately deceptive.

PNG ‘needs’ a mining ombudsman

Radio New Zealand

An academic says a mining ombudsman in Papua New Guinea could do a lot to solve conflict around projects.

The PNG economy is soaring on the back of huge returns from the LNG project but the country still has half its population at or below the poverty line.

Associate professor Glenn Banks at New Zealand’s Massey University wrote a United Nations Development Programme report on the challenges this poses for PNG.

He says they have advocated better governance and the delivery of public services, while the establishment of a mining ombudsman would help resolve conflicts between communities and mining companies.

“Having an ombudsman at a very senior level who has the ability to draw on international experience, to draw on legal expertise, human rights expertise, and provide a conduit for people to actually bring grievances against the operators, against the state, against other elements in their community, or elsewhere, could make a huge difference.”

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Filed under Corruption, Environmental impact, Financial returns, Human rights, Papua New Guinea

Seeking closure, Bougainville confronts ghosts of civil war

Inter Press Service | Independent European Daily Express

Thirteen years after the peace agreement which ended a decade-long civil war in Bougainville, an autonomous island region of 300,000 people located east of the Papua New Guinean (PNG) mainland in the southwest Pacific Islands, trauma and grief continue to affect families and communities where the fate of the many missing remains unresolved.

I cry for you bougainville tshirtThe Autonomous Bougainville Government, identifying this as a barrier to progressing post-conflict reconciliation and development, introduced a policy in September to begin helping families answer questions and find closure.

“This is very important for reconciliation,” Nick Peniai, head of the Autonomous Bougainville Government’s Department of Peace and Reconciliation, told IPS.

“Most perpetrators will not admit to being responsible [for the fate of the missing] unless assured there is reconciliation after remains have been recovered and identified and reconstruction will become meaningful to families after they have reunited with their loved ones.”

Patricia Tapakau, a community leader in the vicinity of the Panguna mine, agreed, saying that the new policy received her full support.

There is no accurate data about the human loss which occurred during hostilities between the PNG military and indigenous militia groups involved in a local uprising in 1989 that succeeded in shutting down the Panguna copper mine, formerly operated by the Australian company, Bougainville Copper Ltd.  But some estimates of the death toll run as high as 20,000.

The mine, a major revenue earner at the time for the PNG government, was at the centre of local grievances about loss of customary land, environmental devastation and increasing inequality. The conflict continued following a government blockade of the islands in 1990 until a permanent ceasefire in 1998.

Today many families on the islands continue to search for their missing loved ones, reports the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). The endless uncertainty about their fate is keeping the memory and suffering of the war alive in communities and inhibiting people’s confidence in a better future.

“We need reconciliation from one end of the island to the other….we need to restore the relationship with the bodies that have rotted in the jungle by bringing them back to their villages and giving them dignity by doing a proper burial”, a community leader from Guava village near the mine was quoted in a report by Jubilee Australia.

But, according to Peniai, it has only recently become feasible to publicly address this sensitive issue.

“It could not have been possible to get information on missing persons soon after the brokering of peace 13 years ago due to fear for the lives of those with the information, and the same on the part of those who were responsible for the killings in the event of being exposed. The families of missing people were also not attempting to investigate for the same reason of fear”, he explained.

Conditions are more conducive to this occurring now, Peniai believes, with people willing to freely discuss the issue and some improvements to the law enforcement sector, which is supporting public confidence.

The United Nations Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance supports international human rights laws that place an obligation on warring parties, including governments, military forces and armed groups, to take all possible measures to search for and return missing persons, or their remains, to next of kin.

In Bougainville, the new policy will address the humanitarian needs of affected communities, but exclude bringing perpetrators to justice and claims for compensation. Implementation will include seeking information about victims whereabouts, identifying burial sites, exhumation and forensic identification of remains before their return to relatives for burial.

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) will be on hand to assist the Bougainville Government and its partners with advice and expert support as the policy is rolled out.

“Families of those who have disappeared may have psycho-social needs which require medical attention, even years later, this is an important need in Bougainville”, Gauthier Lef’vre, Head of Mission for the ICRC in Papua New Guinea, told IPS.

“Many may also have difficulties making ends meet economically or be in a vulnerable position within society due to absence of their usual support networks.”

The humanitarian organisation supports similar efforts to reconcile families in other post-conflict zones, such as Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Iran and Iraq. It emphasises these measures are vital to helping people overcome anger and mistrust. If unaddressed, this burden can be passed on to a younger generation who are at risk of inheriting a sense of humiliation and injustice.

The Leitana Nehan Women’s Development Agency, a local non-governmental organisation, claims that unaddressed trauma has been a direct factor in high levels of alcohol and domestic abuse and violence against women, including rape, on the islands since the end of the Bougainville crisis.

During the three months of April, July and August 2010 alone, local police received reports of 84 sexual offences, 261 cases of domestic violence and 16 of child abuse.

Returning the remains of loved ones “is unfinished business on the road to healing, forgiveness, rehabilitation and reconstruction of whole communities” in the autonomous region, claims the OHCHR.

“It will bring closure and even psychological healing to families of missing persons and in some cases resolve legal issues linked to landownership and inheritance”, Lef’vre said. He added that “such efforts certainly have an impact on human and social development in post-conflict zones”.

Peniai believes there will be benefits for human development “in the sense of establishing national unity, as a truly reconciled society is likely to be more stable”.

The peace process in Bougainville since 2001 has been assisted by the United Nations and international aid donors, but the autonomous region still faces immense development challenges. Life expectancy is 59 years and the under-five mortality rate is 74 per 1,000 live births, compared to the global average of 46, reports the National Research Institute.

In Central Bougainville, where the conflict originated, 56 percent of people do not have access to safe drinking water and 95 percent lack access to sanitation, according to World Vision.

Edited by Kitty Stapp

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UN calls for halt to new mines in PNG until better polices and practices put in place

“… better strategies need to be in place to take the significant wealth generated by extractives industries and translate this into meaningful human development for citizens across the country”.

United Nations calls for responsible foreign investment

Masalai blog

The United Nations is urging for a cautious and planned approach to new foreign investments, following the Prime Minister’s invitation to overseas investors at this week’s PNG Mining and Petroleum Investment Conference.

Before further expanding mining and exploration activities in the country, the United Nations is encouraging Government, and investors in the extractives industry, to review the range of policy options put forward in the National Human Development Report which was launched in Port Moresby last week. United Nations Resident Coordinator in Papua New Guinea, Mr Roy Trivedy says while foreign investment is contributing to the country’s economy, better strategies need to be in place to take the significant wealth generated by extractives industries and translate this into meaningful human development for citizens across the country.

“Over the past 40 years, the country has had over PGK 150 billion invested as a result of private corporations involved in the extractives sectors. Papua New Guinea has also experienced 14 years of consecutive economic growth – an achievement experienced by very few countries globally – but this financial growth is not clearly visible in terms of significant improvements in the wellbeing of all citizens,” Mr Trivedy said.

“Poverty levels in the country have stayed virtually the same as in 1996; health, education, literacy and other human development indicators remain stubbornly low,” he said.

“We are seeing what is known as a ‘paradox of plenty’– a situation where the country’s resource wealth is not translating into increased opportunities and capabilities for the majority of citizens,” he said.

Mr Trivedy notes that the paradox of plenty, also known as the resource curse, is especially apparent for the large majority in rural areas, and particularly for vulnerable and marginalized segments of society, including women, children, elderly, youth, people suffering from long-term illnesses, and those living with disabilities.

“It is the most vulnerable of our society who should be benefitting most from the resources boom, but instead there is a danger of them being left further and further behind.”

The report released last week, titled ‘From Wealth to Wellbeing: Translating Resource Revenue into Sustainable Human Development’ highlights policy options that Government and leaders in Papua New Guinea can consider to help improve the impact of extractive industries at national, provincial and local levels. The report outlines the importance of:

  • improving social and environmental management practices in areas affected by mining and exploration;
  • assisting companies involved in the extractives sector to invest more in promoting local businesses, skills training and supply chains in the areas where they operate;
  • establishing a national independent dispute resolution mechanism;
  • integrating corporate community development contributions with other resource flows such as DSIP funds;
  • improving public discussion and understanding of the role of the Sovereign Wealth Fund;
  • improving the provision of information and the collection of data on health, education and well-being of adults, children and communities – at local, provincial and national levels;
  • reviewing benefits sharing agreements between land owners and the state.

While the release of the National Human Development Report is a key milestone, Mr Trivedy says the next important step is discussions at all levels across the country.

“The policy options outlined in the National Human Development Report need to be discussed widely across Papua New Guinea; and if properly followed up with action at national, provincial and local levels, could help significantly boost the wellbeing of more people across the country. It would help Papua New Guinea to make faster progress towards its aspiration of being in the top 50 Human Development Index countries in the world by 2050.”

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