The Mining Industry is suddenly on the back foot as PNG wakes up to the fact its extractive industries have failed to deliver the promised economic benefits while destroying communities and the environment. In trying to respond to the growing anger and resentment, the industry is continuing to spin the same old lies and misinformation…
Mining lease uncertainty in Papua New Guinea
Mining Review Africa | February 15, 2019
The Papua New Guinea Chamber of Mines and Petroleum says the continued success of existing projects and the development of new ones is critical for the future of the country.
And that any significant delay in the renewal and extension of mining licences for the country’s biggest producing mines would have a detrimental effect on the nation’s economy.
Chamber President, Gerea Aopi CBE, comments following reports that projects such as Porgera, Ok Tedi and Ramu Nickel may not have their leases extended.
“Security of tenure and continuation of mining leases is essential if we want investors to spend billions of Kina in our country,” says Aopi.
“Delays and uncertainty about mining leases could cause major interruptions to some of the big mines, and discourage any new investors.”
Aopi explains the Chamber and its members are keen to work with Government to ensure that Papua New Guinea’s investment climate for resource projects remains attractive as this will underwrite a strong growing economy and increased prosperity for the people.
Aopi says the industry is concerned that mineral exploration activity in Papua New Guinea has fallen significantly in the past six years even though global exploration has experienced a significant upturn since 2016.
With this decline in exploration, any uncertainty about renewal of mining licences would have an impact on the country’s economy, and also send international investors the wrong signal, particularly at a time when the World Bank through its Papua New Guinea Economic Update released this month projected a positive rebound in the country’s real Gross Domestic Product to 5% this year on the back of upcoming major resource projects.
According to data supplied by the Mineral Resources Authority, mineral exploration expenditure in 2018 was K295.9 million compared to K339 million in 2017, K373 million in 2016 and K358 million in 2015.
The last time mineral exploration expenditure reached its peak was reached in 2013 when it was K596 million.
While certainty of mining leases is critical, Aopi says all Chamber members are committed to ensuring that benefits flow from their operations to local communities and he applauds the Government’s continuing commitment to ensuring the sustainable and accountable sharing of benefits.
“The industry remains ready and willing to work with Government and relevant authorities to ensure a fair distribution of benefits for the State, local communities and the industry,” he states.
“Papua New Guinea is one of the first countries in the world where mining and petroleum projects consistently provide socio-economic opportunities to the local areas they operate in.
“Projects have opened up access and opportunities in some of the most isolated rural communities in Papua New Guinea ,” he explains.
In 2017, the mineral and petroleum resources sectors contributed over 26% of PNG’s GDP and about 84% of the nation’s export revenue valued at K23 billion.
The major producing mines, Ok Tedi contributed to Papua New Guinea’s mineral export revenues in 2017 over K3.1 billion while Porgera contributed over K1.8 billion, Ramu Nickel over K1.1 billion, and Lihir over K3.6 billion (FY18).
According to the 2017 Papua New Guinea Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative report, the industry paid a total of K1.5 billion in direct and indirect taxes.
The mining and petroleum industry directly employs over 20,000 people, with significantly more working in other sectors dependent on the industry, including landowner businesses.
The industry invests millions of Kina in community development in sectors such as health and education, infrastructure including roads and airstrips, employment and training, and agriculture and livelihood programs.
The industry also establishes and supports landowner companies and other Papua New Guinea -based businesses that provide services to the project sites such as transportation, labour hire, catering, security, earthmoving, freight and logistics, janitorial services, agriculture, and livestock and livelihood programs to promote food security and agribusiness.